Itikaf is a form of worship during Ramadan:
Itikaf is a form of
worship. It is formed
by staying in a
Mosque for a certain
time. It is Ehtiyat
that one should stay with the intention to
worship Allah by praying formal or informal
prayers although prayer is not a condition
The time for this form of worship could be
anytime when one is allowed to fast. The
best time is the month of Ramadan,
especially, the last ten days.
Conditions for I'tikaf during Ramadhan:
1. Intention as in the rest of the worship
acts. It is necessary that the intention be
made at the beginning of Itikaf so that the
rule, requiring the worship act to be
completed with intention, be followed
thoroughly from the beginning to the end.
The decision made at the beginning of the
night to start Itikaf from the beginning of
the following day will be open to
objection. However, if one decides to start
it from the beginning of the night it is not
an offense to do so.
One is not allowed to change one's mind
from one Itikaf to another of the same
qualities or different.
2. Belief in Islam.
3. Freedom from mental illness.
4. Fasting; thus the Itikaf of one who
cannot fast for some reason is not valid.
5. Duration; which is three continuous days
at least. It could be more but not less than
If it is started from the beginning of a day
the two nights in between will be part of
the duration. Less than three days is not
That it must take place in one of these
Mosques: (a) The holy Mosque in Makkah,
(b) the holy Mosque of the Prophet in
Medina, (c) the holy Mosque of Kufa, (d) the
holy Mosque of Basrah, and (e) the Mosque
which is assigned for the Friday prayer in
any town or city. It is Ehtiyat, however, to
complete it in any of the first four Mosques.
The roof and basement of a Mosque is part
of the same and it is valid to complete
Etikaf in such places of a Mosque.
Permission of the people whose permission
are required such as the master for the
slave, husband and parents for the wifeand
children if this will be against the right of
the husband or causes trouble to the
6. Completing it in the Mosque where it
was started. Thus, going out of the Mosque
without an acceptable reason will
invalidate the Itikaf, regardless, one knows
the rule or is ignorant or has gone out
because of forgetfulness, except in the
case of an emergency or one being forced
or it is because of some need such as using
wash room or having Taharat.
One is allowed to come out of the Mosque
during Itikaf to take part in the burial of a
deceased or to visit an ailing one; Going
out of the Mosque for a time long enough
to cause the Itikaf to become as non-
existing will be considered as invalidating
the same, even if one has not done it out of
one's own choice.
If one needs to have Ghusl/bath during the
Itikaf and it is possible for him to have it
inside the Mosque, and is not allowed to go
out unless the reason for Ghusl requires
him not to stay inside the Mosque.
Etikaf is originally an optional worship act
but it may become obligatory becauseof a
Things to avoid during Itikaf:
1. Having sex and also according to Ehtiyat
kissing or playing with one's wife;
2. According to a necessary Ehtiyat causing
a semen discharge,
3. And smelling perfumes for enjoyment; it
is not an offense if one cannot enjoy the
perfume because of some defect in his
4. Selling or buying in the form of a
business deal, according to a necessary
Ehtiyat; there is no offense to be occupied
with allowable activities as sewing or
writing etc., although it is a Mustahab
Ehtiyat to avoid them too.
If one needs to buy something for food and
there is no one to do the buying for him, it
is not an offence for him to do it.
5. Expressing bitterness in talking about
worldly or religious matters in order to
prove one's ability, not the truth which is
one of the best worships.
The contracts of buying or selling during
Itikaf invalidate Itikaf, but such contracts
will be valid.
If Itikaf is invalidated because of having sex
even, during the night, expiation will be
due; if it is invalidated by other things,
there will be no expiation, although it is a
Mustahab Ehtiyat in this case too.
The expiation for invalidating an Itikaf is to
set free a slave or if this is not possible, fast
for two consecutive months or if this also is
not possible, feed sixty poor people.